The Census is a mandatory count of the population that is required by the U.S. Constitution. It began in 1790 and occurs every 10 years, and the 2020 Census will be the 24th census.
The information gathered from Census responses helps determine how $880 billion federal funds are distributed each year for schools, roads, hospitals, and other public services like fire stations. Legislative representation is directly tied to Census data, determining how many congressional seats and Electoral College votes each state gets. Businesses, governments, and nonprofit organizations use Census data to plan their services as well.
Every resident in the United States and 5 U.S. territories should be counted, regardless of citizenship or immigration status. This includes babies and young children. International visitors to the U.S. are not counted. If you are not sure if you should respond, call the Census to find out.
- English: 844-330-2020
- Spanish: 844-468-2020
- Chinese (Mandarin): 844-391-2020
- Chinese (Cantonese): 844-398-2020
- Vietnamese: 844-461-2020
- Korean: 844-392-2020
- Russian: 844-417-2020
- Arabic: 844-416-2020
- Tagalog: 844-478-2020
- Polish: 844-479-2020
- French: 844-494-2020
- Haitian Creole: 844-477-2020
- Portuguese: 844-474-2020
- Japanese: 844-460-2020
- Telephone Display Device (TDD): 844-467-2020
You can submit your 2020 Census response in one of three ways:
- Online at https://my2020census.gov/
Your mailed invitation will have an ID number you enter when you respond online.
You need to complete the online questionnaire in one sitting; you cannot save and finish later.
Using the paper form that is mailed to you
No postage is required to mail back.
By phone, by calling 844-330-2020 for English
See above for phone numbers for different languages.
It should take only about 10 minutes to complete your Census response using any of these methods.
Please check the U.S. Census 2020 website for updates to the Census timeline and other COVID-19 operational adjustments.
The Census will ask basic demographic questions such as name, age, origin of birth, race, gender, the relationships between the people living in the household, and whether the home is owned or rented. Use the links below to preview the paper form and the online form.
Yes. Federal law forbids the Census Bureau from releasing your identifiable information, and all Census staff take a lifetime oath to protect your personal information. By law, your census responses cannot be used against you by any court or government agency, such as the FBI, CIA, DHS, and ICE.
For historical research purposes, census records are released to the National Archives after 72 years. Learn more about Census confidentiality here.
The Census Bureau will only mail, call or visit your household in person. The Census will never email or text you. The Census will never ask about your social security number or your bank or credit card information. If you receive an email or text claiming to be from the Census, do not open it and do not click any links or open attachments. Call 800-923-8282 to verify the identity of Census workers and to report possible fraud.